Here is an exciting map to the flow of qi in the body, the types of qi in the body, and how all types of qi interact in the body.

 

Pre-Heaven Qi: (Congenital Qi or Pre-Natal Qi) 先天气

  • Yuan Qi

Post-Heaven Qi: (Acquired Qi or Post-Natal Qi) 后天气

  • The formation of both the Gu Qi (Spleen and Stomach) and Qing Qi (Lung)

Gu Qi: (Water and Grain Qi) 谷气

  • The Food and Drink taken in by the Spleen and Stomach

  • Refined into Qing Qi and sent to the chest (Sea of Qi) to form the Zong Qi

Qing Qi or Da Qi: (Air Qi) 大气

  • The Air taken in by the Lung

  • Refined and sent to the chest (Sea of Qi) to form the Zong Qi

Yuan Qi: (Source Qi or Original Qi) 原气

  • Stored in the Kidneys

  • Material and functional basis of the life activities in the body

  • Both Yin and Yang Functions

  • Spread throughout the body via the San Jiao

Qing Qi: (Clear Qi) 清气

  • Light and clear refined Qi from the Gu Qi of the Spleen and Stomach

  • Sent to the chest (Sea of Qi) to form the Zong Qi

Zong Qi: (Ancestral Qi or Gathering Qi) 宗气

  • Converges in the Chest (Sea of Qi)

  • Formed by the union of the Gu Qi from the Spleen and Qing Qi from the Lungs

  • Governs the breath of the Lungs and the pulsation of the heart

  • Circulates the movement of Ying Qi and Wei Qi

Ying Qi: (Nutritive Qi or Construction Qi) 营气

  • Formed by the Qing Qi from the Spleen and Stomach

  • Contributes to the formation of Blood

  • Retained within the walls of the channels

  • Flows through the complete Channel System nourishing the tissues of the body

Wei Qi: (Defensive or Protective Qi) 卫气

  • Formed by the Qing Qi from the Spleen and Stomach

  • Flows both on the inside and outside of the channels

  • Circulates between the skin and flesh

  • Protects the body, Regulates body warmth, Governs the opening and closing of pores and Moistens the skin, muscles and hair

  • Distributed superficially during the day and deep during the night

Zhen Qi: (True Qi, Original Qi or Right Qi) 真气

  • The combination of Yuan Qi, Zong Qi, Ying Qi and Wei Qi

  • A collective name for the functional bases of life activities

Jing Qi: (Essential Qi) 精气

  • Any essential element: Blood, Qi, Body Fluids or Essence

• Specifically the Acquired Essence, Zang-Fu Essence and Congenital Essence